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Chinese traditional instrument classification

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The sound of gold vibrated and the drum tuned. The drum is divided into eight classes, and the music has its origin. Since ancient times, China has been a very developed country. The instruments are divided into eight categories according to the different materials they make: gold, stone, earth, leather, silk, wood, earth, bamboo, and so on. During the three thousand years to the beginning of the qing dynasty, China used the "octophone" system.
    Gold: the bell, the ancient percussion instrument, was popular in the Bronze Age. The clock is not only an instrument, but also a symbol of status and power. The royal nobles were employed in various kinds of ceremonies, feasts and daily life. The positive drum and the side drum of the percussion clock can have two frequencies, which are usually three degrees. The middle and late period of the spring and autumn period were composed of nine groups. On the basis of the western zhou dynasty, the sound of the contralto and the quotient were added. In these two sounds, the pitch of the drum is a third degree of variation. In order to make a full pentatonic scale, the entire sound column can be composed of six or seven tones.  

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Stone: stone, the oldest stone percussion instrument and sacrificial instrument in the history of China. The material is mainly limestone, followed by qingshi and jade. All of them are made in the form of a Chinese. The size and size vary. The beams are made of copper and have a single-sided double structure, and the beams are round. The pillar and the base of the beast form the dragon, the neck of the crane, the bird body, the turtle foot. The modelling is strange, make delicate and firm. There are many kinds of "stone", such as "jade, iron, bronze,", "qing, sheng, song, song," etc. Each kind of chime, roughly, is made of a single piece of stone or iron with 16 pieces. It is because of the difference between the thickness and thickness of a stone or iron plate.3(1).jpg5(1).jpg

Silk: various string instruments, because the old strings are made of silk. There are the qin, the serb, the building, the pipa, the harp, and the konghou7.jpg11.jpg

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Bamboo: bamboo to play Musical Instruments, flute, flute, pipe, tube, etc.
Flute: the Chinese bamboo flute is divided into the southern flute and the bangs of the north. The flute is used in the Chinese folk music, the opera, the Chinese national orchestra, the western symphony orchestra and the modern music, which is one of the representatives of music in China. In the national band, the flute is an important sounding instrument, known as the "king of folk music".

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Xiao , which is divided into two kinds of pipes and pipes, is a very ancient Chinese musical instrument.
It has a long history, soft and soft, quiet and elegant, suitable for solos and recitals.
It is usually made of bamboo and the holes are in the upper end. The number of "sound holes" is divided into six kongpipes and eight kongpipes. The press of six kong pipes is the first five and eight kongxiao is the first seven. Kongxiao is the product of modern improvement. 

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The fruit of the plant of the gourd. The instrument of the gourd is the sheng.
Sheng: is Chinese han nationality ancient wind instruments, it is the first to use free reed instruments in the world, sheng blow holes within the reed instruments of reed instruments, is the ancestor of most existing reed instruments in the world. The pronunciation is clear, elegant, the sound quality is soft, the singing is strong, has the Chinese folk color

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Earth: pottery instruments, pottery, clay, pottery, etc
I: well, it is the most common instrument of the han nationality. It occupies an important position in the history of primitive art in the world. The origins of the festival are related to the labor production activities of the han ancestors, which were originally created to lure prey by imitating the sounds of birds and animals. After the development of the society, it evolved into a simple instrument and gradually increased the sound hole to develop melodic instruments that could play tunes.  

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 Leather: mainly the drums, with the drums and the drum.


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Wooden class: it is very rare now. There are various kinds of wooden drums, different kinds, and chuk. Yu is the ancient percussion and shape fighter shaped, crouching on the sawtooth thin board, splitting into rhizome with one end of the bamboo tube, inverse the sawtooth pronunciation, for the end of the music. Used in the court of all dynasties. Chuk is an ancient percussion instrument, such as a square wooden box, which is narrow in width, and is struck by a vertebral (wooden stick) in the inner wall, indicating that the music is about to begin. Used in the court of all dynasties.


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