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The thematic exhibition to commemorate the 89th anniversary of People's Liberation Army of China

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People's Liberation Army of China is the most important armed force in the People's Republic of China. The people's liberation army was born in nanchang uprising on August 1, 1927. From the autumn of 1927 to the spring of 1928, the communist party of China launched the nanchang uprising, the autumn harvest uprising, the guangzhou uprising, the xiangnan uprising and the jute uprising. The troops who were retained after the uprising were called the Chinese workers and peasants revolutionary army. After May 1928, they were renamed the red army of China.



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On July 7, 1937, the Anti-Japanese War, on August 25, the main forces of the red army in the national revolutionary army version the eighth route army, referred to as "the eighth route army, on September 11, 1937 as the national revolutionary army 18. Activities in jiangxi, fujian, guangdong, hunan, hubei, henan, zhejiang, anhui eight provinces 14 areas together, the red army guerrillas on October 2, 1937, adapted to the national revolutionary army new fourth army, hereinafter referred to as the new fourth army. During the Anti-Japanese War, we adhered to the anti-japanese guerrilla forces of the People's Republic of China in the Anti-Japanese War, and then retreated to shandong province, which belongs to the east China army of the people's liberation army. On September 29, 1929, the peasants' revolt of hainan island was formed on the basis of the first independent division of the red army of China. The people's armed forces experienced a long and arduous struggle in the land revolution war, the war of resistance against Japanese aggression and the war of liberation, and in October 1947, it was adapted for the Chinese people's liberation army qiongya column. 


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  After the victory of Anti-Japanese War, China in 1945 under the leadership of the communist party of China customs in the liberated areas troops rolled into northeast, October 31 and ZiZhiJun northeast anti-japanese coalition of northeast people, on January 14, 1946, the northeast people ZiZhiJun renamed northeast democratic coalition forces. In September 1945, the communist party of China led an army of 1.27 million and another 2.68 million.
On August 15, 1945, luo ronghuan, commander and political member of the shandong military area of the eighth route army, called the "people's liberation army" to be renamed "people's liberation army", and the shandong military area authority said the headquarters of the shandong people's liberation army.
    On August 26, 1945, in the notice of the CPC central committee's peace talks with the kuomintang, another formal formulation of the "liberation army" was issued.
In 1946, the liberation war broke out, and the troops of the eighth route army, the new fourth army and the northeast democratic forces were successively renamed the people's liberation army, and they were composed of the five field armies. After years of liberation war, overthrowing the rule of the national government, then stationed in Tibet, unified the Chinese mainland.
    The central committee of the communist party of China and the communist party of China central military commission on November 1, 1948 to make the provisions concerning the unified army organization and the insititute, pointed out: the people's liberation army (PLA) three classes of combat troops, local army and guerrilla units. Combat troops "troops now divided into four, for different places, namely the northwest field army of the Chinese people's liberation army (the first field army), the central plains field army (the second field army), east China field army (the third field army), the northeast field army" (the fourth field army); Each infantry regiment, army, division, regiment, cavalry division, regiment, and other artillery, all of which are called the people's liberation army of China; As local army organizational system of military region, the "first military region (i.e., the major military commands), the existing five, for different places, the northwest of the Chinese people's liberation army military region, the central plains military command, east China military region, the northeast military region, north China military area; "The second tier of military areas, the existing three, are also distinguished from the place names, namely, the Chinese people's liberation army, the military area of jinsui, the military area of the henan province and the military area of hebei province. Guerrilla units, depending on the situation, may be organized by local military organs.

Then, the whole army was unified. Since then, the name of the people's liberation army has been used to this day.

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Military components:
1. The PLA army
The PLA army is the main force of the Chinese people's liberation army, and there are 18 army mobile combat units distributed in seven large military areas. There are about 15 divisions and 120 brigades. It is the largest army in the world. The Chinese army will develop such development as elite soldiers, military and civilian synthesis, rapid maneuver, anti-terrorism operations, border defense and disaster relief. Quantitative change has become a new trend of PLA.

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2. The PLA navy
Is China's people's liberation army navy maritime armed forces of the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA), is one of the five divisions of the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA), consists of naval command, the navy political department, logistics department, the naval armaments department, the south China sea fleet, the east China sea fleet, the north sea fleet, naval air force, Marine corps, experimental training base, naval colleges and so on. The Chinese navy has the world's second largest fleet with total displacement

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3. The PLA air force

The PLA air force is the air force of the people's liberation army and is one of the top five arms of the people's liberation army. As of 2014, the force had 398,000 personnel and more than 3,300 military aircraft, of which 2,100 were fighter jets and bombers. Today, China's air force has evolved into a modern armed force with advanced equipment such as fifth-generation fighters, long-range bombers/transporters. 

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4. Rocket army of the people's liberation army of China
Rockets of the Chinese people's liberation army troops, formerly known as "the second artillery force of the Chinese people's liberation army" (hereinafter referred to as second artillery), was one by the direct leadership of the central military commission, the strategy of the surface-to-surface missile as the main equipment, nuclear counterattack strategy fight shoulder the task of strategic arms independently. On December 31, 2015, the second artillery corps of the people's liberation army (PLA) was renamed the PLA rocket army, which was the fourth independent military branch of the army, which was joined by the army, navy and air force.

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5. The PLA strategic support force
The PLA strategic support force is a military type established by the people's liberation army on December 31, 2015. Strategic support troops is "strategic, fundamental, supporting all kinds of security forces are strong function established after integration" strategy to help with the task of including: the target detection, reconnaissance and target information back; To undertake daily navigation operations, as well as the management of the beidou satellite and space reconnaissance methods; Undertake the defense task of electromagnetic space and network space. 

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6. Reserve forces of the people's liberation army

The Chinese people's liberation army reserve force refers to China on the basis of retired soldiers and militia, at ordinary times active military personnel as the backbone formed wartime can quickly into the armed forces of standing army. There are usually military and military reserve units. Reserve officers and reserve soldiers shall be included. Reserve officers generally conduct 240 hours of military training each year.

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The army emblem of the people's liberation army of China is the military emblem of the people's liberation army of China
The people's liberation army badge. The people's liberation army navy ba, ba in Chinese people's liberation army air force "ba as the main body," said the navy, air force, is a part of the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA), is in the army on the basis of growing up. The navy seal is a navy blue base, a symbol of vast ocean, lined with silver iron anchor, representing the ship. The air force emblem is a blue sky, a symbol of endless blue sky, lined with golden eagle wings, on behalf of the plane.
During the period of the red army, the design of the military emblem was also designed when the flag was made. However, due to the cruel war and lack of materials, the army was unable to promote it in the whole army. Later, the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA) have used the red star cap badge, "no." "the new fourth army" armbands, "the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA)" badge, etc., to some extent, also have the effect of the ba. The winter of 1948, is set to the victory of war of liberation, the communist party of China central military commission and the people's liberation army headquarters leaders discuss military regularization in xibaipo in hebei province, and puts forward the problems of the unified military flag, ba, presided over by military commission vice chairman zhou enlai ensign, ba, and the vice director of general logistics laboratory, the first research director huang led the design team. The pooled, integrated and research work of the military flag and arms is given to the military commission for a series of games.
On June 15, 1949, the new political consultative conference organizing committee, was at the conference, with "the Chinese people's revolutionary military commission chairman, vice chairman MAO zedong, zhu DE, liu shaoqi, zhou enlai, peng dehuai", in the name of the released ba style "published on the Chinese people's liberation army military flag of command. According to the order, "the military emblem of the people's liberation army (PLA) is decorated with a red star with a golden edge, with a golden" eight "and a" eight "emblem.

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ensign
Destroy the base of the Chinese people's liberation army red symbolizes for red, embroidered on the golden star and "bayi" two words, said ever since August 1 nanchang was born in 1927, after a long struggle, is its bright star, shines across the country. The flag is red, rectangular, and straight to five to four. The flagpole is applied in white and the width is one sixteenth of the length of the flag. The flagpole is the swirl of the red and yellow and the yellow spearhead. The central point of the flag is drawn vertically and vertically, horizontally and horizontally, dividing the flag into four equal long squares. Both the five-pointed star and the "eight one" are golden yellow and located in the long square of the top of the pole.
In early 1949, the CPC central committee instructed the headquarters of the people's liberation army to propose a plan for the production of the flag of the people's liberation army. Zhou enlai personally presided over the work. In the process of research design, MAO zedong personally listen to the report, and instructed: military flag should have "bayi" two words, said on August 1, 1927, the Chinese people held the history of the nanchang uprising against the kuomintang reactionaries festival; A five-pointed star, symbolizing the party's absolute leadership over the army. Zhou enlai indicated that the flag should be the color of revolution and the traditional festive colors of the people, red as the main body. The star and the word yellow, the flag pole should have red and yellow, the top of a red tassel spearhead, adorn the red ear, symbolizing the origin of the people's army.
On June 15, 1949, the Chinese people's revolutionary military commission issued an order to promulgate "the style of the military flag and emblem of the people's liberation army of China". Command, said: "the Chinese people's liberation army military flag is red and golden yellow five-pointed star and on" bayi "two words, said the Chinese people's liberation army (PLA) since 1927, was born on August 1 nanchang uprising, after a long struggle, is its bright stars, shining across the country. 

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